By Jean Blondel, Ferdinand Müller-Rommel
A fully-updated moment variation of the presentation of the constitution and workings of the nationwide cupboards in Western eu nations at the present time. This publication is predicated on a typical framework which allows the reader to match the origins, constitution, composition and actions of those cupboards and to attract classes from this comparability. Emphasis is put on the management and at the personality of coalitions. whilst West eu ministers are operating ever extra heavily jointly, a data of the lifetime of nationwide cupboards is essential as is an figuring out of the variations among different types of cupboard decision-making within the context of the reforms proposed of Western ecu governments.
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Extra info for Cabinets in Western Europe
Perhaps the most important aspect of the change trom the Irish Free State Constitution has arisen from the rigidity of Bunreacht na heireann, the timidity and indifference of legislators on constitutional changes and the increased exercise of judicial review, particularly since the 1960s (Kelly, 1984). It is these constitutional constraints, rather than the theory of parliamentary answerability or practice of opposition politics, which have curtailed any unbridled exercise of executive power. Brian Farrell 43 Size and DleDlbership of cabinet For twenty years after the foundation of the Irish Free State the cabinet was usually limited to ten members.
Second, the Labour government returned in the October 1974 election had a majority of three which was soon whittled away through losses in by-elections; so, in March 1977, the government formed a parliamentary pact with the third largest party, the Liberals, whereby they supported the government in Parliament in return for consultation on policy matters. This was a parliamentary pact and no Liberals entered the government. The power base of the cabinet is thus not principally the electorate, but rather the majority party in the House of Commons.
Labour has also adopted a procedure whereby the nineteen members of the Shadow Cabinet elected by the Parliamentary Party in Opposition have to be included in the first cabinet chosen by a Prime Minister in a newly-elected Labour government. These provisions would obviously have consequences for the operation of cabinet government under Labour. However, as Labour has been out of office since 1979, the implications of these changes have not yet been demonstrated in practice. The Conservative Party outside Parliament has no formal role in the shaping of policy and personnel.
Cabinets in Western Europe by Jean Blondel, Ferdinand Müller-Rommel