Download e-book for kindle: British Trade and the Opening of China 1800-42 by Michael Greenberg

By Michael Greenberg

ISBN-10: 0521077745

ISBN-13: 9780521077743

An account of the actions of British retailers in China within the an important years sooner than the Treaty of Nanking (1842), which reworked the relatives among the Celestial Empire and the Western 'barbarians' and positioned them upon a footing that used to be to final for a hundred years. Mr Greenberg indicates how this alteration used to be caused through the pressures of the increasing British economic system of the early 19th century. a lot of the cloth relies at the papers of Jardine Matheson and Co., the single company of pre-treaty days to outlive, and the most important of the British companies then proven in Canton.

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Of C. 1 830, 45 36. Apparently, the Chinese always wore watches in pairs, on the quaint grounds that when one went to sleep the other would still be awake. M. papers always mark watches as sold in pairs. There were at this time no Chinese watches. 1787 and 2. u . 1787. 24 B R I T I S H T R A D E A N D THE O P E N I N G O F C H I N A agency, fitted out a small brig, the Hanna, with a cargo o f iron bars to barter with the North American Redskins for furs. The venture was a financial success, but in order to exploit this new field-articles for which the Chinese would pay well were but rare-more capital was needed.

2 K. W. Porter, ]. ]. Astor, Vol. I, Chapters 7-9; Vol. II, Chapters r3-16. C. 1788, , THE H O NO URABLE COMPANY AND THE P R I VATE E N GL I S H 25 Thereupon they patronised Cox. 'The Select', taking the alarm, forced Cox to leave China, just as they had got rid of his pre­ decessors. Legally, no private British could stay on. But now a stratagem was devised to force the legal barrier. In 1779 a Scotsman named John Reid, whose service in the Bengal Marine had brought to his notice the possibilities of the China trade, had arrived at Canton with His Imperial Austrian Majesty's commission as Consul and head of the Imperial Factory.

Of L. 1 830. M. archives. C. in 1793 may have contributed to his London House becoming interested in the Chim1 trade. But its connection with the Supercargoes is not clear. THE H O NO URABLE COMPANY AND THE PRIVATE ENGLISH 29 1780s, within the orbit of the Company's Factory. 1 In 1 809 it decided to prohibit its servants from acting as agents for the sale of opium. Mr Baring protested that his acting as agent for the proprietors of opium did not interfere with his duty to the Com­ pany; that the merchants of Bengal would otherwise consign their opium to the disreputable Portuguese.

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British Trade and the Opening of China 1800-42 by Michael Greenberg

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