By Graham Stewart
This can be a compellingly unique illustrated chronicle of 2 thousand years of British historical past, acknowledged through the tales of 1 hundred landmark records that modified the face of england. In "Britannia", Graham Stewart lines thousand years of an island's tale - from Roman province to twenty-first century eu geographical region - via 100 old files. From the eighth-century Lindisfarne Gospels to the nice testomony of Norman forms, the Domesday e-book, and from the designs for the Union Jack in 1606 to Neville Chamberlain's 1938 Munich contract with Hitler, the records chosen embody quite a lot of nationwide endeavours: politics and faith, conflict and international relations, economics and the legislation, technology and invention, literature and journalism, in addition to game and renowned song. hence the 1st variation of "The occasions" rubs shoulders with the foundations of the newly shaped Marylebone Cricket membership; the designs for Stephenson's "Rocket with the Catholic Emancipation Act"; Lord Kitchener's iconic First international battle recruitment poster with Clause 4 of the Labour Party's structure; and, the Beatles' "Sgt. Pepper" album hide with Britain's accession treaty to the ecu financial neighborhood. those are records that not just outlined their very own eras, yet which proceed to resonate this day: Magna Carta and the invoice of Rights turned important criminal curtailments of arbitrary royal strength; medieval election writs and nineteenth-century reform acts formed the construction of parliamentary democracy; the good translations of the Bible, the performs of Shakespeare and Dr Samuel Johnson's Dictionary have left indelible marks at the English language; whereas the impression of Adam Smith's Wealth of countries maintains to lead how we do enterprise. Stylishly written and generously illustrated (including a variety of reproductions of the files themselves, twenty-four of them in complete colour), "Britannia" belongs at the bookshelf of a person who's curious to benefit extra concerning the old roots of our tradition, society, language, non secular traditions and political associations.
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Extra resources for Britannia: One Hundred Documents That Shaped a Nation
He berates those who left the fallen hero to his nemesis, bringing dishonour on themselves and giving hope to the kingdom’s enemies. The poem concludes with Beowulf’s interment in a great barrow with the dragon’s treasure. Around him, his people lament ‘that of all the kings upon the earth he was the one most gracious and fair-minded, kindest to his people and keenest to win fame’. With themes that embrace the hero as saviour, the testing of bravery, the nobility of the quest and the pitting of man against monster, Beowulf contains many staples of Western storytelling.
From one report, we learn that the fort was garrisoned by soldiers of the First Cohort of Tungrians. The nominal strength was 752 men, but many of them were in fact posted elsewhere. At other times, it was garrisoned by the Ninth Cohort of Batavians. The Tungrians came from the area around the River Meuse and the Batavians from the mouth of the Rhine and the Scheldt, which makes these Roman soldiers, in modern-day terms, Germans and Dutch. THE ROMANS IN BRITAIN 55 BC Julius Caesar launches the first Roman expedition to Britain, landing near Deal.
206 Plan for Edinburgh’s New Town. © National Library of Scotland. p. 210 Arkwright’s water frame patent. © Science Museum/Science & Society. p. 217 Adam Smith. HIP/Topfoto. pp. 222–23 First edition of The Times. © NI Syndication. p. 233 Mary Wollstonecraft. Getty Images. p. 240 Dublin Castle. © Lordprice Collection/Alamy. p. 243 Enclosure map. Northamptonshire Record Office. Plan no. 34. p. 247 James Gillray. Getty Images. p. 250 Sketch of Rocket. © Science Museum/Science & Society. p. 256 duke of Wellington.
Britannia: One Hundred Documents That Shaped a Nation by Graham Stewart