By G. Irving Root
A ways faraway from the bloody battles of attrition within the rain and dust of northern France, there raged one other determined fight among of Europe’s most powerful but so much underrated powers, the dominion of Italy and the Empire of Austria-Hungary. right here, alongside a twisting, curving 475-mile-long conflict line, fierce combating was once carried out one of the lofty peaks and rugged nation-state of the continent’s so much infamous mountain variety, replete with all of the problems of climate and the outstanding demanding situations of flow and provide. Contingents of troops from all the significant warring powers finally turned enthusiastic about this warfare of extremes. earlier than it used to be over, and one-half million casualties were suffered and the map of Europe have been replaced without end. Battles within the Alps chronicles this crucial theatre of the good conflict, and explains in textual content and in maps the implications of Italy’s access into hostilities and the adjustments resultant from its aftermath. similar incidents within the skies over front and at the waves of the adjoining Adriatic Sea also are narrated.
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Additional info for Battles in the Alps: A History of the Italian Front of the First World War
The well-documented desire of the Germans for a Mittel Europa (Central Europe), a large and powerful bloc of countries in east-central Europe, was pretty much frustrated when both Italy and Romania declined to fight for it, and eventually joined the other side. Entente leaders began to call their enemies the Central Empires, and at some point in time the designation Central Powers evolved, and found favor, and has been reused until the present day. I hope the reader will agree that my use of terms is less confusing.
For Italy the war zone was known simply as the front; to the Austro-Hungarian command it became the Southwest Front, but for the rest of the interested world it was referred to as the Austro-Italian Front, and since there was not much chance of confusing it with any other, it was often called simply the Italian Front. Because of the topography of the region along the border between the two warring powers, it was sometimes dubbed the Alpine Front. By whatever name it was indicated as, however, it was the setting for a desperate contest between two of the larger countries of Europe, who were home to more than 85 million people.
Thirdly, certain small islands in the Adriatic were asked for. In return, they promised to continue their ‘benevolent neutrality’ throughout the war. They then proposed a recess for the Holidays while the Austrians thought about the proposals. The Austrians were not amused. They accepted the recess and agreed to begin face-to-face talks in Rome on January 7th, but were not inclined to consider any of the Italian proposals, which were deemed to be excessive. Little did they realize that while they were left to consider giving away territory, Rome was considering entering the war.
Battles in the Alps: A History of the Italian Front of the First World War by G. Irving Root