By Irene S. Rubin
During this well timed booklet Irene Rubin specializes in how executive attempted and finally succeeded in balancing the U.S. federal price range in 1998. With attribute perception and a full of life narrative, Rubin describes the successive efforts of Congress and the management over seventeen years to form a method that will inspire stability, in addition to the reactions of federal corporations to the strain.
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Additional info for Balancing the Federal Budget: Eating the Seed Corn or Trimming the Herds?
Staff would normally present members of Congress with questions to ask. The legislators themselves would come in late, read their questions, listen to the answers, and 12 balancing the federal budget often leave immediately afterward. Some would learn from the questions they were reading. Every once in a while, the witnesses might say something that several members of Congress learned from, but it was reportedly a rare event: There is not much learning as a result of testimony. Out of all the times I testified, only a few times was there any back and forth learning that involved more than one member, maybe less than ten times out of more than a hundred occasions.
In the second phase of the interviewing, I concentrated on the macro level, exploring the legislative process of moving from one effort at budget balancing to another and the negotiation process between Congress and the president that created specific budget targets. I focused on congressional staff members and officials in OMB. I also examined at this stage the budget information networks, how people learned and stored the knowledge they gained, and the obstacles to that learning. This part of the interviewing focused on the grass-roots lobbyists; the institutional memory of CBO, GAO, and OMB; and the informal network of prior and present budgeteers in a variety of current positions.
Ways and Means under Rosty [Dan Rostenkowski] brought in a distinguished faculty on a topic and had retreats; they came back smarter. AEI [American Enterprise Institute] used to have new member education at Williamsburg. This time, [the] Heritage [Foundation] held it just for the Republicans in Annapolis. That did violence to the concept. The new member training [in the past] was balanced. . So many things contribute to member learning. It has to take place over time. It is not apparent in a snapshot.
Balancing the Federal Budget: Eating the Seed Corn or Trimming the Herds? by Irene S. Rubin