By Thomas L. Saaty
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Extra resources for Analytical Planning. The Organization of System
Thus, one must be able to defend the weights assigned to the judgments. 9. Measuring Performance Performance is measured in terms of the system's goals and objectives. As elementary as this principle is, it is often not reflected in standard methods of program evaluation. This is because programs are often undertaken without a clear and explicit statement of their goals and purposes. For example, government policies are formed through intense debate and compromise among legislators and, therefore, the stated goals may be an imperfect mixture of multiple and competing goals.
The whole number is then placed in the B, A position with the reciprocal automatically being assigned to the A, Β position. If A and Β are judged to be equal, a one is assigned to both positions. 4. There are n(n-\)/2 judgments required to develop each matrix in step 3 (remember, reciprocals are automatically assigned in each pairwise comparison). 5. Having made all the pairwise comparisons and entered the data, the consistency is determined using the eigenvalue. The consistency index is tested then using the departure of À m âx from η compared with corresponding average values for random entries yielding the consistency ratio CR.
We have not found the Chi-square test useful. It is clear that this is an area of research worth pursuing. Considerable effort has been concentrated on comparing the scale 1 to 9 with 28 other scales suggested to us by a number of people. Space limitation prevents us from showing that this scale and small perturbations of it are better than practically all others. We used five different problems for which the real answers were later determined. The reader should consult Saaty (1980) for this purpose.
Analytical Planning. The Organization of System by Thomas L. Saaty