By Thomas A. Britten
In the course of global warfare I, approximately 10,000 local americans both enlisted or have been drafted into the yank Expeditionary strength. 3 comparable questions are tested intensive for the 1st time during this booklet: What have been the battlefield studies of local americans? How did racial and cultural stereotypes approximately Indians have an effect on their tasks? Did their wartime contributions result in alterations in federal Indian coverage or their average of living?Many American Indians uncommon themselves struggling with at the Western entrance. And in comparison to black and Mexican American squaddies, Indians loved close to common recognize while in uniform. To have fun their patriotism in the course of and after the conflict, Indians may well even practice quite a few conventional ceremonies in a different way proscribed. either in strive against and of their aid roles at the homefront, together with volunteer contributions by means of Indian girls, local american citizens was hoping their efforts may bring about a extra full of life program of democracy. however the Bureau of Indian Affairs endured to chop well-being and teaching programs and to suppress Indian cultures. "This is a primary ebook and an important contribution to twentieth-century Indian history."--Professor Donald L. Parman
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Additional resources for American Indians in World War I: at home and at war
The second chapter, "Indian Soldiers and the Issue of Segregated Troops," introduces the debate between assimilationists and preservationists over the direction of Indian policy and reform; it places the issue of segregating Indian soldiers within the context of that discussion. The activities of Dr. Joseph Kossuth Dixon, the eccentric, vain, and often Janus-faced reformer who championed the idea of creating all Indian units during and after World War I, are particularly important and receive a good deal of scrutiny.
Only Generals David S. Stanley, T. R. O. Howard favored the scheme. Thus, in the spring of 1890 six of the nine highest-ranking army officers expressed varying degrees of opposition to the plan to enlist Indians as regular soldiers. 28 Even with the lukewarm reception accorded by top army brass, the success of Casey and Wheeler prompted General Schofield and Secretary Proctor to act on the matter of enlisting Indians as regulars. 29 The massacre of nearly two hundred Sioux men, women, and children in December 1890, at Wounded Knee on the Pine Ridge reservation, served to strengthen Schofield's resolve to enlist Native Americans.
Title. 4'03dc21 97-4685 CIP Page v To Connie, Zachary, and Reuben Page vii Contents Acknowledgments ix Introduction 3 1. Indian Soldiers Prior to World War I 9 2. Indian Soldiers and the Issue of Segregated Troops 28 3. The Draft and Enlistment of American Indians 51 4. Indian Soldiers in the American Expeditionary Force 73 5. American Indians as "Doughboys" The Influence of Stereotypes 99 6. American Indians and Other Minorities in World War I 116 7. The Indian Homefront and the BIA 132 8. Indian Veterans in the Postwar Era 159 Conclusion 183 Notes 189 Bibliography 227 Index 245 Illustrations following page 86 Page ix Acknowledgments I gratefully acknowledge my indebtedness to the faculty and staff at Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas, for their assistance in the early phases of this book's preparation.
American Indians in World War I: at home and at war by Thomas A. Britten