Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific by World Bank PDF

By World Bank

ISBN-10: 0821359169

ISBN-13: 9780821359167

ISBN-10: 0821359177

ISBN-13: 9780821359174

With virtually part the world¡¯s inhabitants, Asia will make certain the way forward for the worldwide HIV/AIDS pandemic. there's a major chance of a large-scale HIV/AIDS epidemic within the quarter. and lots of international locations have already began the struggle: classes were discovered in a number of contexts, together with reports from Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. Governments, civil society, and different companions are key gamers during this reaction. even if, with new equipment of investment, problems with capability, and an evolving epidemic, responses needs to take note of 5 key demanding situations: political dedication and multisectoral aid; public healthiness surveillance and tracking and overview; prevention; care, help, and remedy; and future health prone supply.

Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific identifies innovations for a way the realm financial institution, in shut partnership with govt, civil society and different companions, can help within the reaction on the state and local degrees. It stresses the necessity for kingdom particular thoughts to deal with the range of matters in the zone and highlights the significance of analytic and advisory paintings during this region to aid ongoing and deliberate courses in addition to means construction efforts.

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Example text

A recent review of the implementation of the MTP reveals only limited success to date. 60 per person per capita in 2003–04), commitment of the PNG government, the nature of the response, and the quality of the interventions are in question. There is a heavy bias toward interventions in urban areas, although more than half, and as much as three-quarters, of the infected people are in rural areas. Implementation is poor and hampered by a severe lack of human resources. Targeted prevention efforts (for people practicing highrisk behaviors), quality sentinel surveillance, and monitoring and evaluation of interventions are urgently needed to ameliorate the possible negative impacts of this epidemic.

A variety of repressive policies were repealed, such as the mandatory reporting of the names and addresses of people with HIV. The key to the Thai success was effective HIV prevention in CSWs and their clients. The Thai intervention was also grounded in a comprehensive surveillance system. S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Thailand had good serological surveillance of the general population, sentinel surveillance of groups whose members practice high-risk behavior, and behavioral surveillance monitoring risky behavior.

USAID plays a large role in developing capacity for epidemiological surveillance, particularly behavioral The World Bank Strategy for HIV/AIDS in EAP • 41 surveillance. S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have partnered with the Thai CDC for more than a decade and have been instrumental in building capacity in epidemiological surveillance in the Untied States, China, and Vietnam. There are several regional initiatives working in HIV/AIDS as well, including the Asian Development Bank’s program for the Mekong Delta.

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Addressing HIV/AIDS in East Asia and the Pacific by World Bank


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