By W. McIntyre
This lucid advisor meets the necessity for an up to date evaluate of the modern Commonwealth. It has a succinct part on its ancient historical past and provides realization to symbols and to the "People's Commonwealth" of voluntary companies, activities, and company. It highlights severe questions of stability that experience emerged among the relative roles of governments and authentic corporations, voluntary institutions, and personal enterprise.
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Extra resources for A Guide To the Contemporary Commonwealth
The CO, under Iain Macleod’s leadership, found that timetables looking to gradual growth towards independence in East and Central Africa by about 1970, had to be dramatically accelerated. Therefore, in the post-Suez era, and particularly after 1960, the Commonwealth’s cosy club, with its periodic Premiers’ Meetings around the Cabinet table in 10 Downing Street, was drastically transformed. The watershed year, 1960, was one of paradox for the Commonwealth. Nigeria, Africa’s most populous state, joined the Commonwealth, and Harold Macmillan, the British prime minister, The Secretariat and the 1971 Declaration 23 made his famous ‘Wind of Change’ speech to the South African Parliament.
Tanzania’s Julius Nyerere and the governments of Nigeria, Africa’s most populous state, stood out. Of all the boycotts, the severing of rugby ties went to the heart of the Afrikaner self-image. Even though a New Zealand government defied the world in 1981 by permitting a Springbok rugby tour, protesters invaded the field causing the first test match to be called off, which gave Nelson Mandela, in prison on Robben Island, new hope. 13 * For Britain, 1994 marked the end of 30 years of Southern African embarrassments.
No doubt she remembered Wilson’s humiliation over the ‘weeks rather than months’ remark and the failure of sanctions over Rhodesia. She also insisted that sanctions would hit those it was intended to help by creating African unemployment. From the mid-1980s, as the Commonwealth debated sanctions, Britain stood aloof. At the 1987 and 1989 Chogms the communiqués carried repetitions of the phrase ‘with the exception of Britain’. The high point of Mrs Thatcher’s defiance came at Kuala Lumpur in 1989, when, after approving a declaration on South Africa which included specific reser- 42 A Guide to the Contemporary Commonwealth vations of the British position, she permitted her delegation to release only an hour later a paper explaining the British position.
A Guide To the Contemporary Commonwealth by W. McIntyre