By Alessandro Duranti
A spouse to Linguistic Anthropology offers a sequence of in-depth explorations of key strategies and techniques via the various students whose paintings constitutes the theoretical and methodological foundations of the modern research of language as tradition.
- Provides a definitive evaluate of the sphere of linguistic anthropology, made from unique contributions through prime students within the field
- Summarizes prior and modern learn around the box and is meant to spur scholars and students to pursue new paths within the coming decades
- Includes a entire bibliography of over 2000 entries designed as a source for someone looking a advisor to the literature of linguistic anthropology
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Extra info for A Companion to Linguistic Anthropology
Linguistic utterances which explicitly describe a register’s forms and associated values; or, utterances which implicitly evaluate the indexical effects of cooccurring forms (as ‘‘next turn’’ responses to them, for example) without describing what they evaluate; such behavior may include non-linguistic semiotic activity as well, such as gestures, or the extended patterning of kinesic and bodily movements characteristic of ritual responses to the use of many registers. All such behaviors are metalinguistic in nature since they tell us something about the properties of linguistic forms whether by decontextualizing the forms and describing their properties or by evaluating their effects while the forms are still in play.
G. the Internet). 2003 1:27pm page 15 SPEECH COMMUNITY 15 5 PRACTICING SPEECH COMMUNITIES Some speech communities exist in relation to specific practices, activities, and social relationships (Lave and Wenger 1991). These communities are constructed as unique and different from others, often fulfilling a specific need or purpose. Because of this, members are most likely aware of their role and relationship to other speech communities as part of normal functioning. Communities of practice range from total institutions such as prisons and mental institutions (Goffman 1961) to situations with more relaxed rules that range from schools to drama groups.
22 4 D I V E R S I T Y, I N T E R A C T I O N , S T Y L E , AND USAGE Even when members are aware of the values, attitudes, and norms of discourse of a speech community, their positive standing is not always guaranteed, especially when regular travel and transmigration are the norm. Instead, membership in and across speech communities requires the negotiation of languages, dialects, discourse styles, and symbolic systems as part of normal practice. The following passage from my field notes about an incident which took place in Jamaica portrays a fair sense of the levels of mediation necessary to function successfully across speech communities and – to paraphrase Clifford Geertz – how ‘‘extraordinarily ‘thick’ it is’’ (1973: 9):23 While walking in the hills of a section of Jamaica populated by members of her extended family, Myrna and I discussed the details of a complicated misunderstanding that had occurred the night before.
A Companion to Linguistic Anthropology by Alessandro Duranti